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Why is clinical legal education significant?

In the realm of law, clinical education has become one of the significant pillars to promote a student’s pragmatic growth. Only a few law colleges know the significance of clinical education. Owing to this, the decision to do BA LLB is taken by many aspirants.

Clinics are classes that are taught by full-time teachers. Such sessions help pupils learn the art of lawyering. In clinics, legal services are rendered to the poor and marginalized people. Many law colleges, however, do not provide full-bodied clinical education programs.

Understanding clinical education

Clinics help students acquire the essence of legal education. Study in such sessions involves a full-fledged pragmatic approach. Such sessions must have organized classes wherein students – under faculties’ supervisions – represent clients. Cases in such sessions involve litigation or non-litigation issues.

Apart from lawyering skills, these classes let students represent poor people. These sessions let students know the concerns as well as issues of marginalized group of people. In the U.S., the trend of clinical sessions grew in ‘60s during the civil right movement.

The Importance of clinics 

  • Such institutions are significant as they give faculties a foundation to let students learn key skills such as:-
  • Investigation
  • Interviewing
  • Fact-finding
  • Legal research
  • Legal writing


  • Such institutions let students take cases or projects on behalf of people who are under faculty supervision
  • With the help of such institutions, students develop an insight of empathy as well as social justice

Clinical studies’ situation in India

In our country, Law Commission as well as the Bar Council has understood the significance of such clinical legal education. Despite the importance of such programs, India has not been able to develop a proper system to impart knowledge. The underdevelopment is due to:-

  • Lack of resources offered to law schools for the formation of such clinics.
  • Lack of experienced faculty
  • Regulations that prohibit law students as well as faculty members to practice before Indian courts

How the growth of clinical education can be ensured in India?

  • The Bar Council has to amend its regulations and rules: it has to:-
  • Let law professors practice while teaching
  • Encourage more and more law students to participate in clinical sessions
  • Appoint a dedicated faculty for teaching
  • Offer credits to students for participating in these classes
  • Many Indian law schools’ administrators as well as vice chancellors must earmark resources to undertake such programs
  • Ensuring these classes to have a low teacher-student ratio
  • Professors of Law colleges must develop robust clinics; legal establishments must help professors implement such clinics
  • Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) must work hand in hand with such colleges to develop sustainable sessions
  • Legal service authorities must widen their scope of offering legal aid by letting these schools provide law-related advices easily
  • The government along with legal bodies must offer grants and funds for establishing such sessions

The school’s clinics have a key role to play in the overall development of lawyers of tomorrow. Therefore, such programs must not be made light of.

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